Project theme: 1–wood components

3D nanotomography of wood fibres

Typically imaging of wood cells by 3D nanotomography is performed with the help of TEM or cryo TEM. To get a proper transmission signal, samples should be cut down to 100 nm thickness or even less. In this project we want to avoid extreme sectioning of wood pieces where observation area includes only a part …

3D nanotomography of wood fibres Läs mer »

Fundamentals of nanoscale assembly of cellulose nanofiber

I am interested in fundamentals of cellulose nanofibers (CNF) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) in dilute, semi-dilute, and crowded environment. Specifically, for CNFs, semi-flexibility of fibers and its effect on nano-scale dynamics is a key aspect of my project. At the moment, combining simulations with experiments (X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy) is the strategy to proceed the …

Fundamentals of nanoscale assembly of cellulose nanofiber Läs mer »

Structural Modification Softwood Pulp Cell Wall Under Extreme Pressure Conditions 

The ability to modify the structure of the wood-pulp fibre cell wall structure is an attractive means to obtain increased accessibility to the fibre interior and enable functionalization such as controlled drug delivery, interpenetrated networks, and selective removal of metal ions from aqueous mixtures just to mention a few examples. By changing the physical state …

Structural Modification Softwood Pulp Cell Wall Under Extreme Pressure Conditions  Läs mer »

Mechanical behavior of all-lignocellulose composites 

In this study, we investigated property differences and failure mechanisms of hot-pressed, binder-free wood fiber composites. Random-in-plane microfibrillated lignocellulose (MFLC) composites showed better mechanical properties than microscale wood fibers WF due to stronger strain-hardening from lower porosity and better interfibrillar adhesion, provided by the intrinsic lignin-hemicellulose binder. Axially oriented wood fiber composites (O-WF) reached comparable …

Mechanical behavior of all-lignocellulose composites  Läs mer »

Preparation and use of lignocellulose nanomaterials in energy storage devices

Cellulose nanomaterials (CNs) obtained from fully-bleached (lignin-free) chemical fibers, such as cellulose nanoparticles (CNPs), cellulose nanofibers (CNFs), microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) have been a topic of extensive research during last decades since they constitute a biodegradable, renewable and naturally abundant resource with an important scientific and technological potential. However, the bleaching process is an energy-intensive process …

Preparation and use of lignocellulose nanomaterials in energy storage devices Läs mer »

Efficient Washing of Paper grade pulp in the kraft process

The project contributes to strengthened Swedish competitiveness through its expected research results and new fundamental knowledge for the development of an efficient pulp washing process and thus through an increased pace of innovation in the transition to a circular economy. After pulping the wood chips, the resulting pulp fibres and cooking liquor are separated in a …

Efficient Washing of Paper grade pulp in the kraft process Läs mer »

Modeling, processing and optimization of highly-filled polymer wood fiber composites 

Biocomposites are a critical ingredient in the context of overarching societal efforts to increase the use of renewable materials. Therefore, the use of polymer with natural fiber reinforcements is expected to increase significantly. A current drive for polymer biocomposites is to maximize the use of renewable content in mass production systems. However, the full potential …

Modeling, processing and optimization of highly-filled polymer wood fiber composites  Läs mer »

Mechanical aspects of bio based composites

The work consists of understanding the mechanical aspects of novel bio-based composites by exploring microstructures, weak interfaces, anisotropy, and lamella thickness. My current projects are (i) in situ mechanical tests with Deben microtester and scanning electron microscopes on a thin layer of montmorillonite clay on hydroxyethylcellulose films to investigate interfacial (adhesion) properties between the constituents, …

Mechanical aspects of bio based composites Läs mer »

Molecular Basis of the Interactions and Recalcitrance of Lignocellulosic Biomass

Lignocellulosic biomass represents the main renewable resource from the biosphere for the production of biofuels, platform chemicals and bio-based materials. Lignocellulose consists of a complex polymeric network of cellulose microfibrils embedded in a matrix of hemicelluloses, pectins, and lignins with exquisite organization from the nano- to the microscale. However, the heterogeneity of the lignocellulose polymeric …

Molecular Basis of the Interactions and Recalcitrance of Lignocellulosic Biomass Läs mer »

The kinetics of lignin extraction in oxygen delignification.

The current and future environmental challenges call for improved and more sustainable processes in the pulp industry. To contribute to a sustainable and competitive Swedish bioeconomy the pulp industry needs to increase efficiency without increasing the use of hazardous chemicals. Oxygen delignification is a unit process that has been used in pulp mill fiberlines between …

The kinetics of lignin extraction in oxygen delignification. Läs mer »

BioUPGRADE – Biocatalytic upgrading of natural biopolymers for reassembly as multipurpose materials

BioUPGRADE unites expertise in functional genomics and material science to deliver breakthrough biotechnologies that sustainably upgrade nature’s main structural biopolymers into high-value and multipurpose materials.Living organisms drive our planetary carbon cycle via biocatalysts that transform CO2 into an enormous array of diverse and functional molecules. A significant fraction of this carbon is transformed into structural …

BioUPGRADE – Biocatalytic upgrading of natural biopolymers for reassembly as multipurpose materials Läs mer »