Project leader organisation: KTH

Synthesis, Characterization, Structure and Properties of Novel Non-Isocyanate Polyurethanes

To prepare novel biocomposites between cellulose (nano)fillers (nanofibers and nanocrystals) and NIPU thanks to their propensity to set up hydrogen bonding and interfacial covalent cross-linking with them.ESR9: To design biocomposites from novel waterborne or solvent-free functional NIPU polymers, where interface aspects and dispersion considerations are emphasized in order to achieve desired properties and processing characteristics.

Towards Improved Molecular Understanding of Artificial Plant Cells

The project is on the development of artificial plant cells. This encompasses on one hand the development of plant cell models themselves (from layer-by-layer fabrication to more complex synthesis protocols) as well as method development of neutron and x-ray scattering techniques for the characterization of the artificial plant cells. In the end, a combination of …

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Catalytic functionalization of lignin

In this project we functionalize lignin using catalysts to form functional materials suitable for crosslinking to thermosets and/or composite materials.

Tribocorrosion performance of cellulose bio-base hydraulics fluids and their application in wave energy converters. 

Offshore wave energy converters (WECs) rely on different mechanical sub-systems such as hydraulic cylinders, joints, hinges, cables, gears and bearings to convert and transmit the kinematic energy transported by the waves and tides into mechanical usable energy. In order to comply with the increasing environmental regulations, and protect the mechanical moving components exposed to the …

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Magnetic nanopaper

This project is focused on production and development of magnetic nanopaper with ferrimagnetic properties. Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are used as a stiff and strong matrix of natural origin, while ferrimagnatic nanoparticles of SrFe12O19 are added to bring in the functionality. Nanopaper is prepared by spray coating technique which is simple to handle and to upscale. …

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3D nanotomography of wood fibres

Typically imaging of wood cells by 3D nanotomography is performed with the help of TEM or cryo TEM. To get a proper transmission signal, samples should be cut down to 100 nm thickness or even less. In this project we want to avoid extreme sectioning of wood pieces where observation area includes only a part …

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Fundamentals of nanoscale assembly of cellulose nanofiber

I am interested in fundamentals of cellulose nanofibers (CNF) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) in dilute, semi-dilute, and crowded environment. Specifically, for CNFs, semi-flexibility of fibers and its effect on nano-scale dynamics is a key aspect of my project. At the moment, combining simulations with experiments (X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy) is the strategy to proceed the …

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Hybrid Glycoproteins from Wheat Bran as Platform Materials

Vetekli är det yttre skiktet som omger kornens frövita och utgör den huvudsakliga biprodukten från vetemalningsprocessen och står för cirka 300 000 ton per år i Sverige. Vetekli används för närvarande nästan uteslutande industriellt som djurfoder på grund av lågt organoleptiskt värde och näringsvärde för mänsklig konsumtion. Vetekli innehåller emellertid en stor andel värdefulla biomolekyler …

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Structural Modification Softwood Pulp Cell Wall Under Extreme Pressure Conditions 

The ability to modify the structure of the wood-pulp fibre cell wall structure is an attractive means to obtain increased accessibility to the fibre interior and enable functionalization such as controlled drug delivery, interpenetrated networks, and selective removal of metal ions from aqueous mixtures just to mention a few examples. By changing the physical state …

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Mechanical behavior of all-lignocellulose composites 

In this study, we investigated property differences and failure mechanisms of hot-pressed, binder-free wood fiber composites. Random-in-plane microfibrillated lignocellulose (MFLC) composites showed better mechanical properties than microscale wood fibers WF due to stronger strain-hardening from lower porosity and better interfibrillar adhesion, provided by the intrinsic lignin-hemicellulose binder. Axially oriented wood fiber composites (O-WF) reached comparable …

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Preparation and use of lignocellulose nanomaterials in energy storage devices

Cellulose nanomaterials (CNs) obtained from fully-bleached (lignin-free) chemical fibers, such as cellulose nanoparticles (CNPs), cellulose nanofibers (CNFs), microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) have been a topic of extensive research during last decades since they constitute a biodegradable, renewable and naturally abundant resource with an important scientific and technological potential. However, the bleaching process is an energy-intensive process …

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Efficient Washing of Paper grade pulp in the kraft process

The project contributes to strengthened Swedish competitiveness through its expected research results and new fundamental knowledge for the development of an efficient pulp washing process and thus through an increased pace of innovation in the transition to a circular economy. After pulping the wood chips, the resulting pulp fibres and cooking liquor are separated in a …

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